Introduction to biochar
Biochar is produced by heating woody wastes from forest thinning or agriculture in a low-oxygen environment. Biochar can be made from many different types of “waste” biomass. There are many different ways of making biochar to create different characteristics suitable for different end uses. Biochar has a unique physical structure, with thousands of tiny pores that hold the nutrients and water for the plants’ roots to access and enjoy. In many ways it’s akin to a coral reef in the ocean, acting as a natural attractant, sanctuary, and incubator for microbial life and fungi by creating infrastructure for billions of organisms to thrive. Biochar is found to play a key role in improving soil biology and enhancing its ability to capture carbon from the atmosphere.